LiDAR-MIMO: Efficient Uncertainty Estimation for LiDAR-based 3D Object Detection
MetadataShow full item record
The estimation of uncertainty in robotic vision, such as 3D object detection, is an essential component in developing safe autonomous systems aware of their own performance. However, the deployment of current uncertainty estimation methods in 3D object detection remains challenging due to timing and computational constraints. To tackle this issue, we propose LiDAR-MIMO, an adaptation of the multi-input multi-output (MIMO) uncertainty estimation method to the LiDAR-based 3D object detection task. Our method modifies the original MIMO by performing multi-input at the feature level to ensure the detection, uncertainty estimation, and runtime performance benefits are retained despite the limited capacity of the underlying detector and the large computational costs of point cloud processing. We compare LiDAR-MIMO with MC dropout and ensembles as baselines and show comparable uncertainty estimation results with only a small number of output heads. Further, LiDAR-MIMO can be configured to be twice as fast as MC dropout and ensembles, while achieving higher mAP than MC dropout and approaching that of ensembles.
Cite this version of the work
Matthew Pitropov (2022). LiDAR-MIMO: Efficient Uncertainty Estimation for LiDAR-based 3D Object Detection. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/18062