Some users are experiencing upload errors at the moment. If you receive a "UWSpace is down for maintenance" error, please email jordan.hale@uwaterloo.ca as soon as possible. We are very sorry for the inconvenience.

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorCullison, Jennifer
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-14 15:59:08 (GMT)
dc.date.available2022-01-14 15:59:08 (GMT)
dc.date.issued2022-01-14
dc.date.submitted2022-01-10
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10012/17880
dc.description.abstractTo test the validity of portable X-Ray Fluorescence (PXRF) for chert sourcing, 32 chert artifacts from the Waterloo Region Museum in southern Ontario were compared to 56 chert source samples. The use of PXRF in archaeology, due to its lower energy outputs in comparison to lab based XRF devices, has raised questions about the method’s validity. Since chert has such a wide range of internal elemental variation, methods of chemical analysis are difficult. The PXRF used for this study was an Olympus Vanta C Series with a silver anode X-ray tube with the Geochem (3-Beam) mode. The artifacts where geochemically classified using discriminant analysis as well as macroscopically identified. The two modes of sourcing had a match at a rate of 76%. The findings suggest that the PXRF may be helpful in determining chert sources, but it should be used in addition to visual identification. There are many potential pitfalls such as an insufficient number of source samples or statistical error that need to be considered when archaeologists attempt studies of this nature.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.subjectPXRFen
dc.subjectXRFen
dc.subjectGeochemical Sourcingen
dc.subjectCherten
dc.subjectOntario Archaeologyen
dc.titleA History Cast in Stone: Geochemical Chert Sourcing Using Portable X-Ray Fluorescence (PXRF) in Southern Ontarioen
dc.typeMaster Thesisen
dc.pendingfalse
uws-etd.degree.departmentAnthropologyen
uws-etd.degree.disciplineAnthropology (Public Issues)en
uws-etd.degree.grantorUniversity of Waterlooen
uws-etd.degreeMaster of Artsen
uws-etd.embargo.terms0en
uws.contributor.advisorWatts, Christopher
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Artsen
uws.published.cityWaterlooen
uws.published.countryCanadaen
uws.published.provinceOntarioen
uws.typeOfResourceTexten
uws.peerReviewStatusUnrevieweden
uws.scholarLevelGraduateen


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record


UWSpace

University of Waterloo Library
200 University Avenue West
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
519 888 4883

All items in UWSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

DSpace software

Service outages