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This work introduces the task of misinformation retrieval, identifying all documents containing misinformation for a given topic, and proposes a pipeline for misinformation retrieval on tweets. As part of the work, I curated 50 COVID-19 misinformation topics used in the TREC 2020 Health Misinformation track. In addition, I annotated a test set of tweets using the TREC COVID-19 misinformation on social media. Misinformation on social media has proven highly detrimental to communities by encouraging harmful and often life-threatening behavior. The chaos caused by COVID-19 misinformation has created an urgent need for misinformation detection methods to moderate social media platforms. Drawing upon previous work in misinformation detection and the TREC 2020 Health Misinformation Track, I focused on the task of misinformation retrieval on social media. I extended the COVID-Lies data set created to detect COVID-19 misinformation in tweets by rephrasing the misconceptions accompanying each tweet. I also created 50 COVID-19 related topics for the TREC 2020 Health Misinformation track used for evaluation purposes. I propose a natural language inference (NLI) based approach using CT-BERT to identify tweets that contradict a given fact, used to score documents utilizing the model’s classification probability. The model was trained using a combination of NLI data sets to find the best approach. Tweets were labeled for the TREC 2020 Health Misinformation Track topics to create a test set on which the best model achieves an AUC of 0.81. I conducted several experiments which show that domain adaptation significantly improved the ability to detect misinformation. A combination of a large NLI corpus, such as SNLI, and an in-domain, such as the COVID-Lies, data set achieves the best performance on our test set. The pipelines retrieved and ranked tweets based on misinformation for 7 TREC topics from the COVID-19 Twitter stream. The top 20 unique tweets were analyzed using Precision@20 to evaluate the pipeline.
Cite this version of the work
Saira Rizvi (2021). Misinformation Retrieval. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/17609