Novel Heat-Bath Algorithmic Cooling methods
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The field of quantum information has inspired new methods for cooling physical systems at the quantum scale by manipulating entropy in an algorithmic way, such as heat-bath algorithmic cooling (HBAC). These methods not only provide fundamental insight into quantum thermodynamics, but they are also at the core of practical applications in quantum science and quantum technologies. Arguably, the most promising practical applications are in quantum computing, for the preparation of pure states. The ability to prepare highly pure states is required both for initializing qubits in most quantum algorithms and for supplying reliable low-noise ancilla qubits that satisfy the fault-tolerance threshold for quantum error correction (achieving the high levels of purity required represents one of the major challenges not only for ensemble implementations but also for technologies with strong but not perfect projective measurements). The heat bath algorithmic cooling protocols have inspired the work within this thesis, which examines and proposes powerful new techniques that significantly enhance cooling by taking advantage of classical and quantum correlations. These new methods go beyond the limits of conventional cooling techniques, providing a novel way to cool that allows a generalized interaction of the system with the environment, which has not been taken into account in previous work. Concretely, I have contributed to elucidating our understanding of these algorithmic cooling mechanisms by using techniques from quantum information theory and quantum thermodynamics. First, I found the analytical solution of the maximum achievable cooling of these algorithmic cooling methods, which had been a longstanding problem that remained open for almost 15 years. Then, I showed how to circumvent the cooling limits of the conventional algorithmic cooling – which were widely believed to be optimal –, creating novel methods that show how correlations can be used to significantly improve cooling. On the one hand, we fundamentally changed the way previous methods considered the interactions between the system and environment and showed how correlated relaxation processes can be essential for enhancing cooling. On the other hand, we demonstrated that correlations present in the initial state due to internal interactions can be exploited to improve cooling. Finally, we showed how, by using ideas and concepts from resource theory, it is possible to find the optimal entropy compression required for HBAC by studying the n-to-1 distillation of athermality of two level systems.
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Nayeli Azucena Rodríguez-Briones (2020). Novel Heat-Bath Algorithmic Cooling methods. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/16147