GPCR and RTK Regulation in Neurons: The Impact of Stress on GPCR and RTK signalling and Crosstalk
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Crosstalk between receptors allows for the integration of diverse and complex signalling pathways. Transactivation is a form of crosstalk between G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) and receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). RTKs are transactivated by GPCRs through two main mechanisms: ligand- independent intracellular pathways and triple membrane passing mechanisms involving GPCR mediated growth factor signaling. Transactivation has neuroprotective potential; however, the physiological relevance of this pathway is not known. Interestingly, some stressors can up- or downregulate GPCR and RTK activity, as well as initiate certain transactivation pathways, leading to the question: could transactivation be a stress response? Given the impact of stress on GPCRs and RTKs, this thesis directly explored the impact of stress, more specifically acute chemical stress, in the form of the stress hormone corticosterone and chronic stress, in the form of Chronic Early Life Social Isolation (CELSI), on the 5HT7-TrkB transactivation pathway. Another aim of this thesis was to analyze the effect of social isolation (CELSI) on the expression of proteins that are implicated in neuroplasticity and to explore if social isolation stress differentially primes the brain's response to stress or other stimuli. Coupling cell line based experiments with ex vivo tissue work, the overall aim of this thesis research was to gain a better understanding of some molecular mechanisms underlying the impact of stress on the brain.
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Nyasha Gondora (2020). GPCR and RTK Regulation in Neurons: The Impact of Stress on GPCR and RTK signalling and Crosstalk. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/15751