A hybrid Bayesian network model for predicting delays in train operations
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We present a Bayesian network-(BN) based train delay prediction model to tackle the complexity and dependency nature of train operations. Three different BN schemes, namely, heuristic hill-climbing, primitive linear and hybrid structure, are investigated using real-world train operation data from a high-speed railway line. We first use historical data to rationalize the dependency graph of the developed structures. Each BN structure is then trained with the gold standard k-fold cross validation approach to avoid over-fitting and evaluate its performance against the others. Overall, the validation results indicate that a BN-based model can be an efficient tool for capturing superposition and interaction effects of train delays. However, a well-designed hybrid BN structure, developed based on domain knowledge and judgments of expertise and local authorities, can outperform the other models. We present a performance comparison of the predictions obtained from the hybrid BN structure against the real-world benchmark data. The results show that the proposed model on overage can achieve over 80% accuracy in predictions within a 60-min horizon, yielding low prediction errors regarding mean absolute error (MAE), mean error (ME) and root mean square error (RMSE) measures.
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Javad Lessan, Liping Fu, Chao Wen (2019). A hybrid Bayesian network model for predicting delays in train operations. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/15617
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