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dc.contributor.authorZhang, Feifei
dc.contributor.authorXiao, Shuhai
dc.contributor.authorKendall, Brian
dc.contributor.authorRomaniello, Stephen J.
dc.contributor.authorCui, Huan
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Mike
dc.contributor.authorGilleaudeau, Geoffrey J.
dc.contributor.authorKaufman, Alan J.
dc.contributor.authorAnbar, Ariel 15:30:38 (GMT) 15:30:38 (GMT)
dc.descriptionCopyright © 2018 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).en
dc.description.abstractThe terminal Ediacaran Period witnessed the decline of the Ediacara biota (which may have included many stemgroup animals). To test whether oceanic anoxia might have played a role in this evolutionary event, we measured U isotope compositions (d238U) in sedimentary carbonates from the Dengying Formation of South China to obtain new constraints on the extent of global redox change during the terminal Ediacaran. We found the most negative carbonate d238U values yet reported (−0.95 per mil), which were reproduced in two widely spaced coeval sections spanning the terminal Ediacaran Period (551 to 541 million years ago). Mass balance modeling indicates an episode of extensive oceanic anoxia, during which anoxia covered >21% of the seafloor and most U entering the oceans was removed into sediments below anoxic waters. The results suggest that an expansion of oceanic anoxia and temporal-spatial redox heterogeneity, independent of other environmental and ecological factors, may have contributed to the decline of the Ediacara biota and may have also stimulated animal motility.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNASA Exobiology Program || (no. NNX13AJ71G) NSF Frontiers in Earth System Dynamics program || (award EAR-1338810) NASA grant || (no. NNX15AL27G) Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery Grant || (RGPIN-435930). American Association of Petroleum Geologists Grants-In-Aid Program Explorers Club Washington Group Exploration Field Research Grant Carnegie Institution for Scienceen
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Scienceen
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International*
dc.titleExtensive marine anoxia during the terminal Ediacaran Perioden
dcterms.bibliographicCitationZhang F., Xiao S., Kendall B., Romaniello S.J., Cui H., Meyer M., Gilleaudeau G.J., Kaufman A.J., Anbar A.D., 2018. Extensive marine anoxia during the terminal Ediacaran Period. Science Advances, v. 4, eaan8983.en
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Scienceen
uws.contributor.affiliation2Earth and Environmental Sciencesen

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