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dc.contributor.authorNasir, Filzah 15:24:22 (GMT) 15:24:22 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractThis study aims to quantify the health and environmental damages of emissions released by pavement management activities in Ontario. The construction, maintenance, and rehabilitation of pavement results in greenhouse gases and pollutants which have significant impacts on human health and the environment. Traditional lifecycle costing methods used in pavement management systems do not account for the cost of these impacts. Marginal damages which relate atmospheric releases to economic cost can be applied by decision-makers to understand the damages of activities (such as pavement management) but require careful consideration of underlying factors. Marginal damages from various methods across the literature were adjusted for application in this study. The present work quantified environmental costs for the construction and lifecycle maintenance of five pavement design alternatives based on emissions of carbon dioxide and four air pollutants. Concrete roads were found to have the highest environmental costs (equivalent to 77% of agency costs) whereas asphalt roads rehabilitated with Cold-in-Place recycling had the lowest environmental costs due to the reduction in raw materials used. For the asphalt road alternatives, environmental costs were equivalent to 35% of agency costs. Future work will address limitations in data availability and additional design types. These findings provide insight for further integration of externalities in pavement management systems including of noise, user costs, and use phase emissions.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.subjectmarginal costen
dc.subjectlifecycle costen
dc.subjectair pollutionen
dc.subjectpavement managementen
dc.subjectenvironmental economicsen
dc.titleIntegration of Environmental Costs in Ontario’s Pavement Management Systemsen
dc.typeMaster Thesisen
dc.pendingfalse and Environmental Engineeringen Engineeringen of Waterlooen
uws-etd.degreeMaster of Applied Scienceen
uws.contributor.advisorSaari, Rebecca
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Engineeringen

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