An Npz Model With State-Dependent Delay Due To Size-Structure In Juvenile Zooplankton
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The study of planktonic ecosystems is important as they make up the bottom trophic levels of aquatic food webs. We study a closed nutrient-phytoplankton-zooplankton (NPZ) model that includes size structure in the juvenile zooplankton. The closed nature of the system allows the formulation of a conservation law of biomass that governs the system. The model consists of a system of a nonlinear ordinary differential equation coupled to a partial differential equation. We are able to transform this system into one of delay differential equations where the delay is of threshold type and is state dependent. The system of delay differential equations can be further transformed into one with fixed delay. Using the different forms of the model, we perform a qualitative analysis of the solutions, which includes studying existence and uniqueness, positivity and boundedness, local and global stability, and conditions for extinction. Key parameters that are explored are the total biomass in the system and the maturity level at which the juvenile zooplankton reach maturity. Numerical simulations are also performed to verify our analytical results.
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Matt Kloosterman, Sue Ann Campbell, Francis J. Poulin (2016). An Npz Model With State-Dependent Delay Due To Size-Structure In Juvenile Zooplankton. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/12424