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dc.contributor.authorZeng, Qiulan 19:38:04 (GMT) 19:38:04 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractModeling of two-phase flows with strong thermal and mechanical non-equilibrium ef- fects is important in engineering applications, such as the nuclear industry. The Advection Upstream Splitting Methods (AUSM-family schemes) are very popular due to their at- tractive features for multiphase flow modeling. However, the computational efficiency of collocated-grid-based AUSM-family schemes with explicit time integration are inferior due to a number of issues. These include the odd-even decoupling of the collocated-grid-based AUSM-family schemes for low-Mach-number flows, the non-conservative characteristic of the two-phase governing equations, and the Courant-Friedrichs-Levy (CFL) number limi- tation for the explicit time integration. This thesis focuses on improving the accuracy and efficiency of calculation for all-Mach- number two-phase flows. In order to achieve this objective, this thesis makes the first attempt at using implicit staggered-grid-based AUSM-family (SG-AUSM-family) schemes. This is a novel approach since most work in the publicly available literature solves multi- phase compressible flow problems explicitly over collocated grids. In this thesis, a four- equation generic two-fluid model is mainly considered. In addition, Newton’s method with a numerical Jacobian matrix is employed to solve the implicitly discretized equations. The benchmark test cases include Ransom’s water faucet, the oscillating manometer, the phase separation, and the air-water shock tube problems. In the first stage, after thorough mathematical analysis and numerical tests of various explicit AUSM-family schemes on collocated grids, insight into the numerical dissipation mechanism of the AUSM-family schemes was gained. This motivates the author to propose a new scheme, namely, the staggered-grid-based AUSMFVS (SG-AUSMFVS) scheme, to solve the stiff phase separation problem. The second stage of the work is to examine the numerical accuracy and computational efficiency of collocated-grid-based implicit AUSM-family schemes. Results demonstrate that with certain time step size selections, the implicit AUSM-family schemes are superior to their explicit counterparts, in terms of numerical accuracy and computational efficiency. The third phase of the work is the application of the first-order SG-AUSM-family schemes on the benchmark test cases. Results demonstrate the advantages of staggered- grid-based AUSM + (SG-AUSM + ) and staggered-grid-based AUSMDV (SG-AUSMDV) over their collocated-grid-based counterparts. With a staggered-grid arrangement, odd-even de- coupling issues can be avoided. As a result, no additional diffusion terms are needed when using SG-AUSM + and SG-AUSMDV schemes for low-Mach-number two-phase flows. Fur- thermore, since the pressure and void fraction are already stored at the interface of the velocity control volume, no interpolation of interfacial pressure is needed for the momen- tum equations, thereby saving computational time. Finally, the SG-AUSM + scheme is capable of producing accurate solutions comparable with or even better than the corre- sponding collocated-grid-based AUSM + scheme. In particular, the new SG-AUSMFVS scheme demonstrates superb stability and accuracy for all the test cases considered in this thesis. Finally, the SG-AUSM-family schemes have been extended to second-order spatial ac- curacy using the classical Monotonic Upstream-Centered Scheme for Conservation Laws (MUSCL) approach with TVD limiters. The MUSCL technique with the van Albada lim- iter has also been implemented into the mass equation in CATHENA4. This resulted in improved accuracy of the CATHENA44 code, especially for the oscillating manometer problem. In summary, this thesis not only improves the accuracy and efficiency of calculation for all-Mach-number two-phase flows, but also helps integrate high-resolution schemes and SG-AUSM-family schemes into staggered-grid-based thermal hydraulic codes in the nuclear industry, such as CATHENA4.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.subjectMultiphase flowsen
dc.subjectT-H codesen
dc.titleNumerical Schemes for 1-D Two-Phase Flowsen
dc.typeDoctoral Thesisen
dc.pendingfalse and Mechatronics Engineeringen Engineeringen of Waterlooen
uws-etd.degreeDoctor of Philosophyen
uws.contributor.advisorLien, Fue-Sang
uws.contributor.advisorAydemir, Nusret
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Engineeringen

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