Fluorescent sensors using DNA-functionalized graphene oxide
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In the past few years, graphene oxide (GO) has emerged as a unique platform for developing DNA-based biosensors, given the DNA adsorption and fluorescence-quenching properties of GO. Adsorbed DNA probes can be desorbed from the GO surface in the presence of target analytes, producing a fluorescence signal. In addition to this initial design, many other strategies have been reported, including the use of aptamers, molecular beacons, and DNAzymes as probes, label-free detection, utilization of the intrinsic fluorescence of GO, and the application of covalently linked DNA probes. The potential applications of DNA-functionalized GO range from environmental monitoring and cell imaging to biomedical diagnosis. In this review, we first summarize the fundamental surface interactions between DNA and GO and the related fluorescence-quenching mechanism. Following that, the various sensor design strategies are critically compared. Problems that must be overcome before this technology can reach its full potential are described, and a few future directions are also discussed.
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Zhenbao Liu, Biwu Liu, Jinsong Ding, Juewen Liu (2014). Fluorescent sensors using DNA-functionalized graphene oxide. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/11362