Mutual Information Based Methods to Localize Image Registration
Wilkie, Kathleen P.
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Modern medicine has become reliant on medical imaging. Multiple modalities, e. g. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), etc. , are used to provide as much information about the patient as possible. The problem of geometrically aligning the resulting images is called image registration. Mutual information, an information theoretic similarity measure, allows for automated intermodal image registration algorithms. <br /><br /> In applications such as cancer therapy, diagnosticians are more concerned with the alignment of images over a region of interest such as a cancerous lesion, than over an entire image set. Attempts to register only the regions of interest, defined manually by diagnosticians, fail due to inaccurate mutual information estimation over the region of overlap of these small regions. <br /><br /> This thesis examines the region of union as an alternative to the region of overlap. We demonstrate that the region of union improves the accuracy and reliability of mutual information estimation over small regions. <br /><br /> We also present two new mutual information based similarity measures which allow for localized image registration by combining local and global image information. The new similarity measures are based on convex combinations of the information contained in the regions of interest and the information contained in the global images. <br /><br /> Preliminary results indicate that the proposed similarity measures are capable of localizing image registration. Experiments using medical images from computer tomography and positron emission tomography demonstrate the initial success of these measures. <br /><br /> Finally, in other applications, auto-detection of regions of interest may prove useful and would allow for fully automated localized image registration. We examine methods to automatically detect potential regions of interest based on local activity level and present some encouraging results.