Design and applications of single-photon devices based on waveguides coupled to quantum emitters
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Engineering photon-photon interactions is fundamentally challenging because photons in vacuum do not interact with each other. While their interactions can be mediated using optical nonlinearities, these effects are negligible for individual photons. This thesis explores two topics related to optical nonlinearities in waveguides. In the first part, we perform a numerical simulation study of hollow core antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides (ARROWs) fabricated using standard lithographic techniques in the context of their suitability as a platform for on-chip photonic quantum information processing. We investigate the effects of the core size, the number of pairs of antiresonant layers surrounding the hollow core, and the refractive index contrast between cladding materials on propagation losses in the waveguide. Additionally, we explore the feasibility of integrating these waveguides with Bragg gratings and dielectric metasurface mirrors to form on-chip cavities, that when loaded with atomic ensembles could act as nonlinear optical devices controllable with single photons. The second part of this thesis studies the application of a 3 level quantum emitter coupled to a directional optical waveguide to deterministically subtract a single photon from a propagating optical pulse. Subtracting a single photon from a light state is one of the most fundamental operations with important applications in quantum information processing. However, current methods to subtract a photon such as using a low reflectivity beam splitter suffer from inherently low success probabilities as well as a strong dependence on the number of photons in the input. We explore implementing this single photon subtraction operation in our proposed system when the optical input is a continuous wave coherent state, coherent pulsed state containing a finite number of photons, or a Fock state.
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Golam Raqeeb Bappi (2016). Design and applications of single-photon devices based on waveguides coupled to quantum emitters. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/11040