The Organizational Structure and Effectiveness of Canadian National Sport Governing Bodies
Frisby, Wendy Mae
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In this study, voluntary amateur sport organizations were examined from an organizational perspective using Weber's theory of bureaucracy as a conceptual framework. The first purpose was to examine the relationships between a number of contextual variables and features of bureaucratic structure. Second, the interrelationships among the bureaucratic structural variables were also analysed. Third, the relationship between structure and measures of both the goal and systems modes of organizational effectiveness were investigated. The fourth purpose was to determine the extent to which indices of the goal and systems models of organizational effectiveness are interrelated in voluntary amateur sport organizations. The sources of secondary data were administrative and technical profiles that had been compiled on each sport. In addition, a questionnaire was given to the Executive Directors of twenty-nine National Sport Governing Bodies which manage Olympic sports in Canada. Pearson correlations and partial correlations were computed to examine the relationships among contextual variables, between context and structure, among the structural variables, among goal and systems effectiveness variables, and between structure and effectiveness. The results indicated that the contextual variables are intercorrelated. Organizational age as well as the degree of financial dependence on other organizations are the contextual variables that are most strongly related to measures of bureaucratic structure. A number of the structural variables were positively intercorrelated including: formalization, specialization, the clerical ratio, the impersonality of work relations, professionalism and career stability. Centralization was negatively related to the other measures of bureaucratic structure. The goal and systems variables of organizational effectiveness were positively correlated with one another. This suggests that organizations that are more successful at acquiring financial resources are also more successful at achieving the goal of performance excellence. In addition, several of the measures of bureaucratic structure were positively associated with both the goal and systems models of effectiveness. It was concluded that several of the patterns of relationships that have been reported in previous research on business organizations also exist in voluntary amateur sport organizations.