Now showing items 1-20 of 367

    • Instructor presence effect: Liking does not always lead to learning 

      Wilson, Kristin E.; Martinez, Mark; Mills, Caitlin; D'Mello, Sidney; Smilek, Daniel; Risko, Evan F. (Elsevier, 2018-07-01)
      Online education provides the opportunity to present lecture material to students in different formats or modalities, however there is debate about which lecture formats are best. Here, we conducted four experiments with ...
    • Personal Endorsement of Ambivalent Sexism and its Impact on Objective and Subjective Career Success 

      Cheng, Polly (University of Waterloo, 2018-05-04)
      The gender wage gap is a persistent problem that has remained stubbornly stagnant over recent decades. Although significant efforts have been expended to understand why it exists and persists, we argue that an important ...
    • Chivalry is far from dead: Misperceiving the link between men's benevolent and hostile sexism 

      Yeung, Amy (University of Waterloo, 2018-04-30)
      Although prejudice has traditionally been conceptualized as a univalent antipathy towards a social group, sexist prejudice represents a more nuanced ambivalent attitude that mixes both hostile and benevolent elements. ...
    • Goal-setting and unethical behavior: The journey toward the goal matters 

      Nishioka, Midori (University of Waterloo, 2018-04-30)
      Unethical behavior in the workplace causes harm to organizations and has a widespread impact on society. Recent studies show that difficult and specific goals can lead to unethical behavior. Specifically, studies show that ...
    • The Perceptual Mechanisms of Probability Effects 

      Jabar, Syaheed (University of Waterloo, 2018-04-13)
      Environmental statistics impact human behaviour. The more likely something is to occur, the faster and more accurate we are at detecting it. This probability effect has been studied in numerous forms. However, there is no ...
    • Is it about me? Time-course of self-relevance and valence effects on the perception of neutral faces with direct and averted gaze 

      McCrackin, Sarah D.; Itier, Roxane J. (Elsevier, 2018-05-01)
      Most face processing research has investigated how we perceive faces presented by themselves, but we view faces everyday within a rich social context. Recent ERP research has demonstrated that context cues, including ...
    • How Locomotion Concerns Influence Perceptual Judgments 

      Scholer, Abigail A.; Eitam, Baruch; Stadler, Gertraud; Higgins, E. Tory (Guilford Press, 2017-06-01)
      Successful self-regulation involves both assessment (e.g., making the right choices) and locomotion (e.g., managing change and movement). Regulatory mode theory is a motivational framework that highlights the ways in which ...
    • Implicit Theories of Attraction 

      Bohns, Vanessa K.; Scholer, Abigail A.; Rehman, Uzma (Guilford Press, 2015-08-01)
      Sexual satisfaction is an important component of relationship well-being within romantic relationships. Yet, relatively little is known about the psychological factors that predict responses to the inevitable sexual ...
    • Self-regulating the effortful “social dos”. 

      Cortes, Kassandra; Kammrath, Lara K.; Scholer, Abigail A.; Peetz, Johanna (American Psychological Association, 2014)
      In the current research, we explored differences in the self-regulation of the personal dos (i.e., engaging in active and effortful behaviors that benefit the self) and in the self-regulation of the social dos (engaging ...
    • The role of metamotivation in creating task-motivation fit 

      Scholer, Abigail A.; Miele, David B. (American Psychological Association, 2016)
      One of the challenges of effective goal pursuit is being able to flexibly adapt to changing situations and demands. The current studies investigate whether individuals exhibit effective metamotivation—successful management ...
    • In pursuit of progress: Promotion motivation and risk preference in the domain of gains 

      Zou, Xi; Scholer, Abigail A.; Higgins, E. Tory (American Psychological Association, 2014)
      This article examines the role of promotion motivation in decision making in the domain of gains. Using a stock investment paradigm in which individuals believed that they were making decisions that were real and consequential, ...
    • Divergent effects of distance versus velocity disturbances on emotional experiences during goal pursuit 

      Beck, James W.; Scholer, Abigail A.; Hughes, Jeffrey (American Psychological Association, 2017-07-01)
      Disturbances are factors outside of a person’s control that influence goal progress. Although disturbances are typically included in theoretical accounts of goal pursuit, relatively little empirical research has explicitly ...
    • Motivational Versus Metabolic Effects of Carbohydrates on Self-Control 

      Molden, Daniel C.; Hui, Chin Ming; Scholer, Abigail A.; Meier, Brian P.; Noreen, Eric E.; D’Agostino, Paul R.; Martin, Valerie (Sage Publications, 2012-10-01)
      Self-control is critical for achievement and well-being. However, people’s capacity for self-control is limited and becomes depleted through use. One prominent explanation for this depletion posits that self-control consumes ...
    • Inflating and deflating the self: Sustaining motivational concerns through self-evaluation 

      Scholer, Abigail A.; Ozaki, Yuka; Higgins, E. Tory (Elsevier, 2014-03-01)
      The ways in which individuals think and feel about themselves play a significant role in guiding behavior across many domains in life. The current studies investigate how individuals may shift the positivity of self-evaluations ...
    • Motivational Affordance and Risk-Taking Across Decision Domains 

      Zou, Xi; Scholer, Abigail A. (SAGE Publications, 2016-03-01)
      We propose a motivational affordance account to explain both stability and variability in risk-taking propensity in major decision domains. We draw on regulatory focus theory to differentiate two types of motivation ...
    • Commitment to change from locomotion motivation during deliberation 

      Scholer, Abigail A.; Higgins, E. Tory (Springer, 2012-06-01)
      The factors that motivate commitment to behavioral change (e.g., quitting smoking) are important in understanding self-regulation processes. The current research examines how an individual’s motivational orientation during ...
    • Dodging Monsters and Dancing with Dreams: Success and Failure at Different Levels of Approach and Avoidance 

      Scholer, Abigail A.; Higgins, E. Tory (SAGE Publications, 2013-07-01)
      Many models of motivation suggest that goals can be arranged in a hierarchy, ranging from higher-level goals that represent desired end-states to lower-level means that operate in the service of those goals. We present a ...
    • Workload, Risks, and Goal Framing as Antecedents of Shortcut Behaviors 

      Beck, James W.; Scholer, Abigail A.; Schmidt, Aaron M. (Springer, 2017-08-01)
      Purpose: Shortcut behaviors are methods of completing a task that require less time than typical or standard procedures. These behaviors carry the benefit of increasing efficiency, yet can also carry risks (e.g., of an ...
    • When threat matters: Self-regulation, threat salience, and stereotyping 

      Stroessner, Steven J.; Scholer, Abigail A.; Marx, David M.; Weisz, Bradley M. (Elsevier, 2015-07-01)
      Four experiments examined whether information implying imminent threat to safety would interact with regulatory focus (Higgins, 1997) to affect the utilization of threat-relevant stereotypes. Because information suggesting ...
    • A self-regulatory approach to understanding boredom proneness 

      Struk, Andriy A.; Scholer, Abigail A.; Danckert, James (Taylor and Francis, 2016-11-16)
      We investigated the relationship between self-regulation and two types of boredom proneness (perceived lack of internal stimulation, perceived lack of external stimulation) using a variety of measures of self-regulation. ...


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