Browsing Public Health and Health Systems by Subject "biomarkers of exposure"
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Patterns of use and biomarkers of exposure among ‘dual’ tobacco cigarette and electronic cigarette users in Canada. (University of Waterloo, 2017-08-23)Background: Tobacco use remains the leading risk factor for preventable disease in Canada. Although tobacco smoke is the direct cause of smoking-induced diseases, nicotine addiction sustains the use of tobacco. Electronic ...