Batch Verification of Elliptic Curve Digital Signatures
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This thesis investigates the efficiency of batching the verification of elliptic curve signatures. The first signature scheme considered is a modification of ECDSA proposed by Antipa et al.\ along with a batch verification algorithm by Cheon and Yi. Next, Bernstein's EdDSA signature scheme and the Bos-Coster multi-exponentiation algorithm are presented and the asymptotic runtime is examined. Following background on bilinear pairings, the Camenisch-Hohenberger-Pedersen (CHP) pairing-based signature scheme is presented in the Type 3 setting, along with the derivative BN-IBV due to Zhang, Lu, Lin, Ho and Shen. We proceed to count field operations for each signature scheme and an exact analysis of the results is given. When considered in the context of batch verification, we find that the Cheon-Yi and Bos-Coster methods have similar costs in practice (assuming the same curve model). We also find that when batch verifying signatures, CHP is only 11\% slower than EdDSA with Bos-Coster, a significant improvement over the gap in single verification cost between the two schemes.