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dc.contributor.authorLoh, Francis 14:10:17 (GMT) 14:10:17 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractOne area of vehicle handling performance that has been the focus of an OEM{'}s (Original Equipment Manufacturer) engineering effort is within the realm of vehicle straight-line performance. As the name implies, straight-line performance is determinant on the vehicle{'}s tendency to resist vehicle lateral drift when being driven straight. Vehicle lateral drift is a condition where the driver must apply a constant correctional torque to the steering wheel in order to maintain a straight line course. A full vehicle model was developed to simulate the influences of suspension parameters on vehicle drift. Adams 2010 was chosen as the multi-body dynamics (MBD) software for this research for its ability to develop a full vehicle high fidelity model without the need for physical test data. The model was created from standard Adams/Car suspension templates modified to accommodate the subject vehicle. The front suspension sub-assembly model was built upon the front MacPherson strut suspension template. Likewise, the rear suspension sub-assembly model was created from the rear multi-link suspension template. The tire model used in the full vehicle model was based on the Pacejka 2002 formulation. A model of a similar tire was generated using a custom spreadsheet based on the PAC2002, a slightly modified version of the Pacejka 2002 formulation found within Adams/Car. A virtual tire test rig and a 6/7-DoF model were created to understand and verify the behaviour of the generated tire models. The virtual tire test rig was used to compare the outputs of the PAC2002 tire model to the calculated values from a custom tire property spreadsheet. The 6/7-DoF model was used to test and verify the effect of the tire{’}s residual lateral forces. The full-vehicle model was verified using the parallel wheel travel and opposite wheel travel suspension analyses. The parallel wheel travel analysis was used to tease out binding issues within the designed travel of the suspension. The opposite wheel travel analysis was used similarly for anti-roll bar systems. Simulations based on the industry standard vehicle drift tests were run to understand the effect of certain vehicle suspension geometry on vehicle drift, namely the vehicle{’}s front and rear camber and toe angles. The full-vehicle model was also subjected to straight-line performance simulations with various road bank or crown angles. The results were compared with industry-standard vehicle drift test data gathered by the OEM on their own test track. The results indicate that the direction of vehicle pull matches with the OEM test data, but the magnitudes differ in both the positively and negatively banked road simulation results. It is likely that the difference in vehicle drift is due to the lack of steering data obtained for the full-vehicle model.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.subjectVehicle driften
dc.titleMulti-Body Vehicle Dynamics Modeling for Drift Analysisen
dc.typeMaster Thesisen
dc.subject.programSystem Design Engineeringen Design Engineeringen
uws-etd.degreeMaster of Applied Scienceen

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