Core Structures in Random Graphs and Hypergraphs
Sato, Cristiane Maria
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The k-core of a graph is its maximal subgraph with minimum degree at least k. The study of k-cores in random graphs was initiated by Bollobás in 1984 in connection to k-connected subgraphs of random graphs. Subsequently, k-cores and their properties have been extensively investigated in random graphs and hypergraphs, with the determination of the threshold for the emergence of a giant k-core, due to Pittel, Spencer and Wormald, as one of the most prominent results. In this thesis, we obtain an asymptotic formula for the number of 2-connected graphs, as well as 2-edge-connected graphs, with given number of vertices and edges in the sparse range by exploiting properties of random 2-cores. Our results essentially cover the whole range for which asymptotic formulae were not described before. This is joint work with G. Kemkes and N. Wormald. By defining and analysing a core-type structure for uniform hypergraphs, we obtain an asymptotic formula for the number of connected 3-uniform hypergraphs with given number of vertices and edges in a sparse range. This is joint work with N. Wormald. We also examine robustness aspects of k-cores of random graphs. More specifically, we investigate the effect that the deletion of a random edge has in the k-core as follows: we delete a random edge from the k-core, obtain the k-core of the resulting graph, and compare its order with the original k-core. For this investigation we obtain results for the giant k-core for Erdős-Rényi random graphs as well as for random graphs with minimum degree at least k and given number of vertices and edges.