An Automated Modified Region Growing Technique for Prostate Segmentation in Trans-Rectal Ultrasound Images
MetadataShow full item record
Medical imaging plays a vital role in the medical field because it is widely used in diseases diagnosis and treatment of patients. There are different modalities of medical imaging such as ultrasounds, x-rays, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance (MR), and Positron Emission Tomography (PET). Most of these modalities usually suffer from noise and other sampling artifacts. The diagnosis process in these modalities depends mainly on the interpretation of the radiologists. Consequently, the diagnosis is subjective as it is based on the radiologist experience. Medical image segmentation is an important process in the field of image processing. It has a significant role in many applications such as diagnosis, therapy planning, and advanced surgeries. There are many segmentation techniques to be applied on medical images. However, most of these techniques are still depending on the experts, especially for initializing the segmentation process. The artifacts of images can affect the segmentation output. In this thesis, we propose a new approach for automatic prostate segmentation of Trans-Rectal UltraSound (TRUS) images by dealing with the speckle not as noise but as informative signals. The new approach is an automation of the conventional region growing technique. The proposed approach overcomes the requirement of manually selecting a seed point for initializing the segmentation process. In addition, the proposed approach depends on unique features such as the intensity and the spatial Euclidean distance to overcome the effect of the speckle noise of the images. The experimental results of the proposed approach show that it is fast and accurate. Moreover, it performs well on the ultrasound images, which has the common problem of the speckle noise.