Investigating the frequency of spontaneously generated social and temporal between-individual comparisons
MetadataShow full item record
Social and temporal comparison researchers to date have only looked at comparisons involving the self. The present investigation aims to extend comparison theory by examining social and temporal comparisons people make of others. Using movie reviews, the results support Festinger’s (1954) similarity hypothesis, such that lateral comparisons were more frequent than either upward or downward comparisons when the comparisons were social in nature. For temporal comparisons, on the other hand, there was no difference in the use of upward, downward, and lateral comparisons, which does not support Albert’s (1977) hypothesis that people are motivated to maintain a stable sense of self over time and should therefore prefer lateral comparisons over upward or downward comparisons. Implications about the use of between-individual comparisons as a way to expand comparison theory and the benefits of examining these types of comparisons for their own sake are discussed.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A Comparison of Five Stakeholders’ Perceptions of Governance under Ontario Provincial Parks’ Management Model Buteau-Duitschaever, Windekind C (University of Waterloo, 2009-08-27)Governance is widely discussed in various government sectors or agencies such as Health Care and Education and throughout the private sector. Yet, it is only recently that reference to governance with regards to parks and ...
Effects of task variation and communication medium on group performance in small groups: a comparison between FTF and CMC groups Gonzalez, Paola (University of Waterloo, 2009-10-02)Organizational support for cooperative work has been shifted from using Face-to-Face (FTF) communication in collocated groups to using Communication-Mediated-Communication (CMC) in dispersed groups. This new and growing ...
Upadhyaya, Nitin (University of Waterloo, 2010-04-14)Brownian dynamics (BD) simulation method has been widely used for studying problems in dispersed systems, such as polymer solutions, colloidal suspensions and more recently, complex (dusty) plasmas. The main problem addressed ...