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dc.contributor.authorShingler, Abigail
dc.date.accessioned2024-03-26 20:24:26 (GMT)
dc.date.available2024-03-26 20:24:26 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractPeatlands are an important component of the global carbon (C) cycle, they operate as long-term global sinks of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and sources of methane (CH4). However, they are becoming increasingly vulnerable to disturbances such as wildfire. Understanding the impact of wildfire on greenhouse gas dynamics is important as the frequency and severity of these fires continues to increase. Loss of labile substrate and methanogenic community is often attributed as the driver behind CO2 and CH4 emission reductions from peatland soils post-wildfire. Soil incubations were conducted using samples from both burned and unburned peatlands immediately (Alberta) and 2-years (Ontario) post fire to measure and compare CH4 production potential and oxidation. In-situ CH4 and CO2 flux measurements were conducted at the Alberta site immediately after fire. Environmental variables such as water table depth, soil temperature and moisture were collected at each site. Soil samples from the Ontario site were also analyzed for phenolic compounds, pH, and electric conductivity. In both the recently burned and 2-year post fire incubations, lower CH4 prodution was observed at the burned sites. In-situ field fluxes determined that both ecosystem respiration (ER) and net ecosystem exchange (NEE) was lower and CH4 flux indicated net CH4 uptake at the burned site compared to the natural site, immediately post-fire. Overall, this study enhances our understanding of the impacts of wildfire on greenhouse gas dynamics and carbon storage in peatland ecosystems both immediately and 2-years post-burn. This understanding is important for the establishment of peatland carbon budgets in response to climate change, contributing to the development of accurate and reliable global carbon budgets and climate modelling that can account for the increasing vulnerability of boreal peatlands to fire.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.titleMethane Cycling in Northern Peatlands Following Wildfireen
dc.typeMaster Thesisen
uws-etd.degree.departmentGeography and Environmental Managementen
uws-etd.degree.grantorUniversity of Waterlooen
uws-etd.degreeMaster of Scienceen
uws.contributor.advisorStrack, Maria
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Environmenten

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