dc.contributor.author Gong, Rui dc.date.accessioned 2023-05-19 19:54:09 (GMT) dc.date.available 2023-05-19 19:54:09 (GMT) dc.date.issued 2023-05-19 dc.date.submitted 2023-05-17 dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10012/19463 dc.description.abstract We study the problem of decomposing a symmetric matrix into the sum of a low-rank symmetric positive semidefinite matrix and a tridiagonal matrix, and a relaxation which looks for symmetric positive semidefinite matrices with small nuclear norms. These problems are generalizations of en the problem of decomposing a symmetric matrix into a low-rank symmetric positive semidefinite matrix plus a diagonal matrix and one of its relaxations, the minimum trace factor analysis problem. We also show that for the relaxation of the low-rank plus tridiagonal decomposition problem with regularizations on the tridiagonal matrix, the optimal solution is unique when the nonnegative regularizing coefficient is not 2. Then, given such a coefficient λ ∈ R+ \ {2}, we consider three problems. The first problem is decomposing a matrix into a low-rank symmetric positive semidefi- nite matrix and a tridiagonal matrix. The second is to determine the facial structure of E′ n, which is the set of correlation matrices whose absolute values of entries right below and above the diagonal entries are upper bounded by λ/2. And the third problem is that given strictly positive integers k, n with n > k, and points v1, . . . , vn ∈ Rk, determine if there exists a centered (degenerate) ellipsoid passing through all these points exactly such that when the points are projected onto the unit ball corresponding to the ellipsoid, for every i, the cosine value of the angle between the projected ith and (i + 1)th points is upper bounded by λ/2 and lower bounded by −λ/2. We then prove that all these three problems are equivalent and when the regularization coefficient λ goes to infinity, we show the equivalence between them and the corresponding properties of the low-rank plus diagonal decomposition problem. We also provide a sufficient condition on a subspace U for us to find a nonempty face of E′ n defined by U. By the equivalence above, this is also a sufficient condition for the other two problems. After that, we prove that the low-rank plus tridiagonal problem can be solved in polynomial time when the rank of the positive semidefinite matrix in the decomposition is bounded above by an absolute constant. In the end, we consider representing our problem as a conic programming problem and generalizing it to general sparsity patterns. dc.language.iso en en dc.publisher University of Waterloo en dc.subject low-rank plus sparse decomposition en dc.subject semidefinite programming en dc.subject subspace coherence en dc.title Low-Rank Plus Sparse Decompositions of Large-Scale Matrices via Semidefinite Optimization en dc.type Master Thesis en dc.pending false uws-etd.degree.department Combinatorics and Optimization en uws-etd.degree.discipline Combinatorics and Optimization en uws-etd.degree.grantor University of Waterloo en uws-etd.degree Master of Mathematics en uws-etd.embargo.terms 0 en uws.contributor.advisor Tuncel, Levent uws.contributor.affiliation1 Faculty of Mathematics en uws.published.city Waterloo en uws.published.country Canada en uws.published.province Ontario en uws.typeOfResource Text en uws.peerReviewStatus Unreviewed en uws.scholarLevel Graduate en
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