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dc.contributor.authorCampbell, Jacob 19:51:31 (GMT) 19:51:31 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractThis thesis contributes to two theories which approximate free probability by finitary combinatorial structures. The first is finite free probability, which is concerned with expected characteristic polynomials of various random matrices and was initiated by Marcus, Spielman, and Srivastava in 2015. An alternate approach to some of their results for sums and products of randomly rotated matrices is presented, using techniques from combinatorial representation theory. Those techniques are then applied to the commutators of such matrices, uncovering the non-trivial but tractable combinatorics of immanants and Schur polynomials. The second is the connection between symmetric groups and random matrices, specifically the asymptotics of star-transpositions in the infinite symmetric group and the gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE). For a continuous family of factor representations of $S_{\infty}$, a central limit theorem for the star-transpositions $(1,n)$ is derived from the insight of Gohm-K\"{o}stler that they form an exchangeable sequence of noncommutative random variables. Then, the central limit law is described by a random matrix model which continuously deforms the well-known traceless GUE by taking its gaussian entries from noncommutative operator algebras with canonical commutation relations (CCR). This random matrix model generalizes results of K\"{o}stler and Nica from 2021, which in turn generalized a result of Biane from 1995.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.subjectfree probabilityen
dc.subjectrepresentation theoryen
dc.subjectrandom matrix theoryen
dc.subjectoperator algebrasen
dc.subjectsymmetric groupsen
dc.subjectalgebraic combinatoricsen
dc.titleFinitary approximations of free probability, involving combinatorial representation theoryen
dc.typeDoctoral Thesisen
dc.pendingfalse Mathematicsen Mathematicsen of Waterlooen
uws-etd.degreeDoctor of Philosophyen
uws.contributor.advisorNica, Alexandru
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Mathematicsen

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