Related Orderings of ATFree Graphs
Abstract
An ordering of a graph G is a bijection of V(G) to {1, . . . , V(G)}. In this thesis, we consider the complexity of two types of ordering problems. The first type of problem we consider aims at minimizing objective functions related to an ordering of the graph. We consider the problems Cutwidth, Imbalance, and Optimal Linear Arrangement. We also consider a problem of another type: SEndVertex, where S is one of the following search algorithms: breadthfirst search (BFS), lexicographic breadthfirst search (LBFS), depthfirst search (DFS), and maximal neighbourhood search (MNS). This problem asks if a specified vertex can be the last vertex in an ordering generated by S. We show that, for each type of problem, orderings for one problem may be related to orderings for another problem of that type.
We show that there is always a cutwidthminimal ordering where equivalence classes of true twins are grouped for any graph, where true twins are vertices with the same closed neighbourhood. This enables a fixedparameter tractable (FPT) algorithm for Cutwidth on graphs parameterized by the edge clique cover number of the graph and a new parameter, the restricted twin cover number of the graph. The restricted twin cover number of the graph generalizes the vertex cover number of a graph, and is the smallest value k ≥ 0 such that there is a twin cover of the graph T and k−T nontrivial components of G−T.
We show that there is also always an imbalanceminimal ordering where equivalence classes of true twins are grouped for any graph. We show a polynomial time algorithm for this problem on superfragile graphs and subsets of proper interval graphs, both subsets of ATfree graphs. An asteroidal triple (AT) is a triple of independent vertices x, y, z such that between every pair of vertices in the triple, there is a path that does not intersect the closed neighbourhood of the third. A graph without an asteroidal triple is said to be ATfree. We also provide closed formulas for Imbalance on some small graph classes.
In the FPT setting, we improve algorithms for Imbalance parameterized by the vertex cover number of the input graph and show that the problem does not have a polynomially sized kernel for the same parameter number unless NP ⊆ coNP/poly.
We show that Optimal Linear Arrangement also has a polynomial algorithm for superfragile graphs and an FPT algorithm with respect to the restricted twin cover number.
Finally, we consider SEndVertex, for BFS, LBFS, DFS, and MNS. We perform the first systematic study of the problem on bipartite permutation graphs, a subset of ATfree graphs. We show that for BFS and MNS, the problem has a polynomial time solution. We improve previous results for LBFS, obtaining a linear time algorithm. For DFS, we establish a linear time algorithm. All the results follow from the linear structure of bipartite permutation graphs.
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Cite this version of the work
Jan Gorzny
(2022).
Related Orderings of ATFree Graphs. UWSpace.
http://hdl.handle.net/10012/18079
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