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dc.contributor.authorCurrie, Robert 17:14:43 (GMT) 17:14:43 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractProducing synthetic chemicals and fuels using CO2 as a feedstock through the thermocatalytic hydrogenation of CO2 via the Sabatier reaction to produce synthetic CH4 is both a CO2 emissions reduction strategy and an intermittent energy storage solution. A simulation-based study of novel Sabatier reactor configurations was performed to study the effect a distributed H2 supply would have on Ni-based catalyst deactivation and to optimize the production of CH4 for the purposes of evaluating the economic feasibility of a renewable natural gas production facility. First, a heat-exchanger type, molten salt-cooled membrane reactor is analyzed using a transient mathematical model that accounts for dynamic catalyst deactivation. The simulation results showed significantly lower catalyst deactivation rates in the membrane reactor due to the distributed H2 supply that results in more uniform temperature distribution. The model predicts that, with a proper selection of operating parameters, it is possible to achieve CO2 conversions over 95% over extended periods of operation (10,000 h). Next, a heat-exchanger type, actively cooled Sabatier reactor is analyzed using a transient mathematical model to assess its techno-economic feasibility. Effect of cooling fluid, space velocity, and cooling rate on reactor performance was investigated. Simulation results show that with a proper selection of operating parameters, it is possible to achieve CO2 conversions more than 90% with 100% CH4 selectivity over extended periods of operation for a renewable natural gas production cost of $15/GJ with electricity at $0.05/kWh.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.subjectCO2 conversionen
dc.subjectrenewable natural gasen
dc.subjectSabatier reactoren
dc.subjectpacked bed reactoren
dc.subjectmembrane reactoren
dc.subjectcatalyst deactivationen
dc.subjectdistributed H2 supplyen
dc.titleDesign and Simulation of Novel Sabatier Reactors for the Thermocatalytic Conversion of CO2 into Renewable Natural Gasen
dc.typeMaster Thesisen
dc.pendingfalse Engineeringen Engineeringen of Waterlooen
uws-etd.degreeMaster of Applied Scienceen
uws.contributor.advisorSimakov, David
uws.contributor.advisorFowler, Michael
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Engineeringen

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