Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorEisapour, Mahzar 17:09:45 (GMT) 17:09:45 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractDementias such as Alzheimer’s disease are a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with consequences such as cognitive impairment and memory problems. While exercise is important to improve physical health and quality of life for people living with dementia (PWD), symptom-induced challenges, such as language processing and physical limitations, can make it more difficult for PWD to engage in exercise. In this study, exercise games (exergames) to promote exercise for PWD were designed in two virtual environments: a farm and a gym. To design the activities and interfaces of the games, a participatory design approach was followed with exercise therapists, kinesiologists, and PWD from Schlegel Villages long-term care facility. Five upper-body motions were selected and five corresponding activities developed for each game. The games were built for the Oculus Rift CV1 head mounted display virtual reality (HMD-VR) as this platform uses a fully immersive three-dimensional display with high frame rate display. The touch controllers of Oculus were used to provide hand-motion interactions in virtual reality (VR). A three-week evaluation experiment was conducted with six PWD to evaluate the designed exercise games. A mixed-methods approach was used to qualitatively and quantitatively investigate the impact of using designed HMD-VR exergames in engaging PWD in exercise. Questionnaires for participants recorded participants’ feelings of enjoyment, engagement, interest, easiness, comfort, and level of effort. Clinical measurements of fitness parameters and recorded motion parameters from sensors in Oculus Rift provided quantifiable metrics such as range of motion (ROM), distance traversed, speed, grip strength, and shoulder circumduction for evaluation. All the participants successfully completed the exercise using the exergames, demonstrating the promising potential of using HMD-VR for PWD. The analysis of the participants’ answers to the questionnaires shows subjective metrics for human-guided exercise is comparable to VR games conditions, which is a noteworthy result considering the novelty of using VR for PWD. Overall, the analysis of motion parameters showed no differences between environments, which indicates the participants’ level of movment in VR environments was as good as with human-lead exercise. This thesis research demonstrates the potential of HMD-VR as an engaging way to support exercise of PWD.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.subjectVirtual Realityen
dc.subjectSerious Gameen
dc.subjectGame Designen
dc.subjectPhysical Activityen
dc.subjectHuman Computer Interactionen
dc.subjectUser Experienceen
dc.titleDesign and Evaluation of Virtual Reality Exergames for People Living with Dementiaen
dc.typeMaster Thesisen
dc.pendingfalse Design Engineeringen Design Engineeringen of Waterlooen
uws-etd.degreeMaster of Applied Scienceen
uws.contributor.advisorCao, Shi
uws.contributor.advisorBoger, Jennifer
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Engineeringen

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record


University of Waterloo Library
200 University Avenue West
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
519 888 4883

All items in UWSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

DSpace software

Service outages