Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorVaidyanathan, Krishna 14:28:30 (GMT) 14:28:30 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractGraph coloring has been studied for a long time and continues to receive interest within the research community \cite{kubale2004graph}. It has applications in scheduling \cite{daniel2004graph}, timetables, and compiler register allocation \cite{lewis2015guide}. The most popular variant of graph coloring, k-coloring, can be thought of as an assignment of $k$ colors to the vertices of a graph such that adjacent vertices are assigned different colors. Reconfiguration problems, typically defined on the solution space of search problems, broadly ask whether one solution can be transformed to another solution using step-by-step transformations, when constrained to one or more specific transformation steps \cite{van2013complexity}. One well-studied reconfiguration problem is the problem of deciding whether one k-coloring can be transformed to another k-coloring by changing the color of one vertex at a time, while always maintaining a k-coloring at each step. We consider two variants of graph coloring: acyclic coloring and equitable coloring, and their corresponding reconfiguration problems. A k-acylic coloring is a k-coloring where there are more than two colors used by the vertices of each cycle, and a k-equitable coloring is a k-coloring such that each color class, which is defined as the set of all vertices with a particular color, is nearly the same size as all others. We show that reconfiguration of acyclic colorings is PSPACE-hard, and that for non-bipartite graphs with chromatic number 3 there exist two k-acylic colorings $f_s$ and $f_e$ such that there is no sequence of transformations that can transform $f_s$ to $f_e$. We also consider the problem of whether two k-acylic colorings can be transformed to each other in at most $\ell$ steps, and show that it is in XP, which is the class of algorithms that run in time $O(n^{f(k)})$ for some computable function $f$ and parameter $k$, where in this case the parameter is defined to be the length of the reconfiguration sequence plus the length of the longest induced cycle. We also show that the reconfiguration of equitable colorings is PSPACE-hard and W[1]-hard with respect to the number of vertices with the same color. We give polynomial-time algorithms for Reconfiguration of Equitable Colorings when the number of colors used is two and also for paths when the number of colors used is three.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.titleReconfiguring Graph Coloringsen
dc.typeMaster Thesisen
dc.pendingfalse R. Cheriton School of Computer Scienceen Scienceen of Waterlooen
uws-etd.degreeMaster of Mathematicsen
uws.contributor.advisorNishimura, Naomi
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Mathematicsen

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record


University of Waterloo Library
200 University Avenue West
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
519 888 4883

All items in UWSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

DSpace software

Service outages