Mathematical Aspects of Scalar-Tensor Field Theories
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This thesis is based on a study of Lagrange scalar densities which are, in general, concomitants of the metric tensor gij (and its first and second derivatives) together with a scalar field ∅ (and its first derivative). Three invariance identities relating the "tensorial derivatives" of this Lagrangian are obtained. These identities are used to write the Euler-Lagrange tensors corresponding to our scalar density in a compact form. Furthermore it is shown that the Euler-Lagrange tensor corresponding to variations of the metric tensor is related to the Euler-Lagrange tensor corresponding to variations of the scalar field in a very elementary manner. The so-called Brans-Dicke scalar-tensor theory of gravitation is a special case of our previous results and the field equations corresponding to this theory are derived and investigated at length. As a result of studying the effects of conformal transformations on the general Lagrange scalar density it is shown that solutions to the Brans-Dicke field equations are conformally related to solutions to a certain system of Einstein field equations. A detailed study of a particular static, spherically symmetric vacuum solution to the Brans-Dicke field equation is then undertaken and compared with the corresponding Einstein case.
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Gregory Walter Horndeski (2016). Mathematical Aspects of Scalar-Tensor Field Theories. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/10928
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