Now showing items 1747-1766 of 2172

    • Role of heat balance on the microstructure evolution of cold spray coated AZ31B with AA7075 

      Marzbanrad, Bahareh; Razmpoosh, Mohammad Hadi; Toyserkani, Ehsan; Jahed, Hamid (Elsevier, 2021-07)
      A promising solid-state coating mechanism based on the cold spray technique provides highly advantageous conditions on thermal-sensitive magnesium alloys. To study the effect of heat balance in cold spray coating on ...
    • The role of higher education institutions in sustainability initiatives at the local level 

      Filho, Walter Leal; Vargas, Valeria Ruiz; Salvia, Amanda Lange; Brandli, Luciana Londero; Pallant, Eric; Klavins, Maris; Ray, Subhasis; Moggi, Sara; Maruna, Marija; Conticelli, Elisa; Ayanore, Martin Amogre; Radovic, Vesela; Gupta, Bhumika; Sen, Salil; Paço, Arminda; Michalopoulou, Eleni; Saikim, Fiffy Hanisdah; Koh, Hock Lye; Frankenberger, Fernanda; Kanchanamukda, Wasan; Cunha, Dênis; Akib, Noor Adelyna Mohammed; Clarke, Amelia; Wall, Tony; Vaccari, Mentore (Elsevier, 2019-10-01)
      Universities are central players and important economic actors in many regions, and many of them are, in general, nationally and internationally active in respect of matters related to sustainable development. But there ...
    • The Role of Instructional Design in Persuasion: A Comics Approach for Improving Cybersecurity 

      Zhang-Kennedy, Leah; Chiasson, Sonia; Biddle, Robert (Taylor & Francis, 2016-03)
      Although computer security technologies are the first line of defence to secure users, their success is dependent on individuals’ behaviour. It is therefore necessary to persuade users to practice good computer security. ...
    • The role of intra-NAPL diffusion on mass transfer from MGP residuals 

      Shafieiyoun, Saeid; Thomson, Neil R. (Elsevier, 2018-06-01)
      An experimental and computational study was performed to investigate the role of multi-component intra-NAPL diffusion on NAPL-water mass transfer. Molecular weight and the NAPL component concentrations were determined to ...
    • Role of loading direction on cyclic behaviour characteristics of AM30 extrusion and its fatigue damage modelling 

      Roostaei, Ali Asghar; Jahed, Hamid (Elsevier, 2017-07-18)
      Anisotropic fatigue and cyclic behaviour of AM30 Mg alloy extrusion is investigated by performing fully-reversed strain-controlled tension-compression cyclic tests at strain amplitudes between 0.3% and 2.3%, along extrusion ...
    • The role of metamotivation in creating task-motivation fit 

      Scholer, Abigail A.; Miele, David B. (American Psychological Association, 2016)
      One of the challenges of effective goal pursuit is being able to flexibly adapt to changing situations and demands. The current studies investigate whether individuals exhibit effective metamotivation—successful management ...
    • The Role of pH, Ionic Strength and Monomer Concentration on the Terpolymerization of 2-Acrylamido-2-methylpropane Sulfonic Acid, Acrylamide and Acrylic Acid 

      Scott, Alison J.; Duever, Thomas A.; Penlidis, Alexander (Elsevier, 2019-08-26)
      The current study examines the effects of important factors (namely, pH, ionic strength and monomer concentration) on the terpolymerization of 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid (AMPS), acrylamide (AAm) and acrylic ...
    • The role of science in sustainability transitions: Citizen science, transformative research, and experiences from Samothraki island, Greece 

      Petridis, Panos; Fischer-Kowalski, Marina; Singh, Simron J.; Noll, Dominik (University of Prince Edward Island, 2017-05-01)
      We highlight the importance of island research that aims to achieve sustainability transitions. All too often, developmental priorities are largely defined by economic policy imperatives, and island research either ignores ...
    • The role of somatosensory input in target localization during binocular and monocular viewing while performing a high precision reaching and placement task 

      Tugac, Naime; Gonzalez, David; Noguchi, Kimihiro; Niechwiej-Szwedo, Ewa (Elsevier, 2019-06)
      Binocular vision provides the most accurate and precise depth information; however, many people have impairments in binocular visual function. It is possible that other sensory inputs could be used to obtain reliable depth ...
    • The Role of Wastewater Testing for SARS-CoV-2 Surveillance 

      Manuel, Douglas G.; Delatolla, Robert; Fisman, David; Fuzzen, Meghan; Graber, Tyson E.; Katz, Gabrielle M.; Kim, JinHee; Landgraff, Chrystal; MacKenzie, Alex; Maltsev, Antonina; Majury, Anna; McKay, R. Michael; Minnery, John; Servos, Mark. R.; Weese, J. Scott; McGeer, Allison; Born, Karen B.; Barrett, Kali; Schwartz, Brian; Jüni, Peter (Ontario COVID-19 Science Advisory Table, 2021-08-26)
      Wastewater testing for SARS-CoV-2 is relatively new; however, it builds on existing public health surveillance infrastructure. There is a limited but growing evidence base for its use, despite notable interpretation ...
    • Role Of Word-Of-Mouth For Programs Of Voluntary Vaccination: A Game-Theoretic Approach 

      Bhattacharyya, Samit; Bauch, Chris T.; Breban, Romulus (Elsevier, 2015-11-01)
      We propose a model describing the synergetic feedback between word-of-mouth (WoM) and epidemic dynamics controlled by voluntary vaccination. The key feature consists in combining a game-theoretic model for the spread of ...
    • Rome, the Seleukid East and the Disintegration of the Largest of the Successor Kingdoms in the 2nd Century BC 

      Coskun, Altay (Société Latomus, Brussels, 2019-05-18)
      Although Antiochos III Megas had been defeated by the Romans in 191/90 BC, his son Seleukos IV managed to consolidate it, and his youngest son Antiochos IV Epiphanes (175– 164) even became the most powerful monarch of ...
    • Saccade latency delays in young apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon 4 carriers 

      Niechwiej-Szwedo, Ewa; Tapper, Anthony; Gonzalez, David; Bradley, Ryan M.; Duncan, Robin (Elsevier, 2018-11-01)
      The apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon 4 isoform has been associated with a significantly greater risk of developing late onset Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, the negative effects of APOE-ε4 allele on cognitive function ...
    • Sagging resistance of warm formed aluminum brazing sheet 

      Benoit, Michael J.; Kaur, R.; Wells, Mary; Jin, H.; Amirkhiz, B. Shalchi; Winkler, Sooky (Elsevier, 2018-04-01)
      Interrupted tensile tests, performed between room temperature (RT) and 250°C, were used to simulate warm forming of an AA3003/AA4045 brazing sheet. Brazing performance was predicted from sagging distance measurements after ...
    • The Saliva Exposome for Monitoring of Individuals’ Health Trajectories 

      Bessonneau, Vincent; Pawliszyn, Janusz; Rappaport, Stephen M. (Environmental Health Perspectives - United States Federal Government, 2017-07-20)
      Background: There is increasing evidence that environmental, rather than genetic, factors are the major causes of most chronic diseases. By measuring entire classes of chemicals in archived biospecimens, exposome-wide ...
    • Sample size and robust marginal methods for cluster-randomized trials with censored event times 

      Cook, Richard J.; Zhong, Yujie (Wiley, 2015-03-15)
      In cluster-randomized trials, intervention effects are often formulated by specifying marginal models, fitting them under a working independence assumption, and using robust variance estimates to address the association ...
    • Sandwich and probe problems for excluding paths 

      Figueiredo, Celina Miraglia Herrera de; Spirkl, Sophie (Elsevier, 2018-12-31)
      Let Pk denote an induced path on k vertices. For k ≥ 5, we show that the Pk-free sandwich problem, partitioned probe problem, and unpartitioned probe problem are NP-complete. For k ≤ 4, it is known that the Pk-free sandwich ...
    • The Sandwich Problem for Decompositions and Almost Monotone Properties 

      Chudnovsky, Maria; Figueiredo, Celina Miraglia Herrera de; Spirkl, Sophie (Springer Nature, 2018)
      We consider the graph sandwich problem and introduce almost monotone properties, for which the sandwich problem can be reduced to the recognition problem. We show that the property of containing a graph in C as an induced ...
    • Scalable image segmentation via decoupled sub-graph compression 

      Medeiros, Rafael Sachett; Wong, Alexander; Scharcanski, Jacob (Elsevier, 2018-06-01)
      Dealing with large images is an on-going challenge in image segmentation, where many of the current methods run into computational and/or memory complexity issues. This work presents a novel decoupled sub-graph compression ...
    • Scale-dependent anisotropy in forced stratified turbulence 

      Lang, Christopher J.; Waite, Michael L (American Physical Society, 2019-04)
      In stratified turbulence, buoyancy forces inhibit vertical motion and lead to anisotropy over a wide range of length scales, which is characterized by layerwise pancake vortices, thin regions of strong shear, and patches ...

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