Now showing items 2374-2393 of 3007

    • The S-Matrix of Gauge and Gravity Theories and The Two-Black Hole Problem 

      Guevara, Alfredo (University of Waterloo, 2020-10-01)
      This thesis is devoted to diverse aspects of scattering amplitudes in gauge theory and gravity including interactions with matter particles. In Part I we focus on the applications of massive scattering amplitudes in gravity ...
    • The Saliva Exposome for Monitoring of Individuals’ Health Trajectories 

      Bessonneau, Vincent; Pawliszyn, Janusz; Rappaport, Stephen M. (Environmental Health Perspectives - United States Federal Government, 2017-07-20)
      Background: There is increasing evidence that environmental, rather than genetic, factors are the major causes of most chronic diseases. By measuring entire classes of chemicals in archived biospecimens, exposome-wide ...
    • Salt Mass Balance Study and Plant Physiological Responses for an Enhanced Salt Phytoremediation System 

      Zhong, Han (University of Waterloo, 2011-07-11)
      Salinity is one of the most severe environmental factors that limits global crop yield. Enhanced phytoremediation using plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) has proven to be an effective and environmentally responsible ...
    • Satellite Dynamics in Dark Matter Halos 

      Kamiab, Farbod (University of Waterloo, 2010-09-01)
      I have used an analytic model of tidal interactions to predict the evolution of a substructure in a static dark matter halo. Given the initial conditions of the satellite and background halo, the model predicts with high ...
    • Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Electrically Driven Phase Transitions in a Charge Density Wave Material 

      Walker, Sean (University of Waterloo, 2022-03-25)
      The 1T polytype of the van der Waals material TaS2, has been studied extensively as a strongly correlated system. Exhibiting several different charge density wave (CDW) states, the phase diagram of 1T-TaS2 has been explored ...
    • Scattering Equations and S-Matrices 

      Yuan, Ye (University of Waterloo, 2015-06-25)
      We introduce a new formulation for the tree-level S-matrix in theories of massless particles. Sitting at the core of this formulation are the scattering equations, which yield a map from the kinematics of a scattering ...
    • A Scoping Review of Frailty and Acute Care in Middle-Aged and Older Individuals with Recommendations for Future Research 

      Hogan, David B.; Maxwell, Colleen J.; Afilalo, Jonathan; Arora, Rakesh C.; Bagshaw, Sean; Basran, Jenny; Bergman, Howard; Bronskill, Susan; Carter, Caitlin A.; Dixon, Elijah; Hemmelgarn, Brenda; Madden, Kenneth; MITNITSKI, ARNOLD; Rolfson, Darryl; Stelfox, Henry; Tam-Tham, Helen; Wunsch, Hannah (Canadian Geriatrics Society, 2017-03-31)
      There is general agreement that frailty is a state of heightened vulnerability to stressors arising from impairments in multiple systems leading to declines in homeostatic reserve and resiliency, but unresolved issues ...
    • A Search for Nearby Dwarf Galaxies 

      Xi, Chengyu (University of Waterloo, 2014-09-25)
      Dwarf galaxies can be used to trace invisible dark matter substructure. Studies of the properties of dwarf galaxy populations are crucial in solving the so-called ``Missing Satellite Problem'', and hold important implications ...
    • Searching for a DNAzyme version of the leadzyme 

      Saran, Runjhun; Chen, Qingyun; Liu, Juewen (Springer, 2015-10-12)
      The leadzyme refers to a small ribozyme that cleaves a RNA substrate in the presence of Pb2+. In an optimized form, the enzyme strand contains only two unpaired nucleotides. Most RNA-cleaving DNAzymes are much longer. Two ...
    • Searching for the Magnetic Interactions in the Rare Earth Pyrochlore Oxide Yb₂Ti₂O₇ 

      Thompson, Jordan (University of Waterloo, 2011-07-20)
      Various experiments on Yb₂Ti₂O₇ have shown evidence of strange magnetic behaviour at low temperatures. Specific heat measurements on powder samples of Yb₂Ti₂O₇ show evidence of a sharp peak, indicating the occurence of a ...
    • Seasonal and environmental effects on physiological tolerances and gill adaptations of imperilled Eastern Sand Darter (Ammocrypta pellucida) 

      Firth, Britney (University of Waterloo, 2024-02-15)
      In the absence of accurate biological information, conservation and recovery strategies carry the risk of failing to meet their objectives. Understanding species-specific physiological tolerances is important for several ...
    • Security Analysis of Quantum Key Distribution: Methods and Applications 

      Lin, Jie (University of Waterloo, 2021-09-27)
      Quantum key distribution (QKD) can be proved to be secure by laws of quantum mechanics. In this thesis, we review security proof methods in Renner's framework and discuss numerical methods to calculate asymptotic and finite ...
    • The Security of Simplified Trusted Relays 

      Stacey, William (University of Waterloo, 2014-08-27)
      This thesis examines the security of performing quantum key distribution (QKD) with a simplified trusted relay (STR). The protocol carries out the quantum phase of a conventional trusted relay, however, reduces the required ...
    • Security proof methods for quantum key distribution protocols 

      Ferenczi, Agnes (University of Waterloo, 2013-04-26)
      In this thesis we develop practical tools for quantum key distribution (QKD) security proofs. We apply the tools to provide security proofs for several protocols, ranging from discrete variable protocols in high dimensions, ...
    • Security Proofs for Quantum Key Distribution Protocols by Numerical Approaches 

      Lin, Jie (University of Waterloo, 2017-10-25)
      This thesis applies numerical methods to analyze the security of quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols. The main theoretical problem in QKD security proofs is to calculate the secret key generation rate. Under certain ...
    • Seedlings of Temperate Tree Species Show Plastic Responses to Water Deficit and Heat Stress, But They Do Not Prevent Decline in Growth 

      Aragón Baquero, Lina Marcela (University of Waterloo, 2022-10-03)
      Species response to climate change is difficult to predict because warming involves the interaction of multiple stressors whose effects are simultaneous and therefore difficult to disentangle. To address this gap, I studied ...
    • Segregation of chain ends to the surface of a polymer melt: effect of surface profile versus chain discreteness 

      Mahmoudi, Pendar; Matsen, Mark (Springer, 2016)
      Silberberg has argued that the surface of a polymer melt behaves like a reflecting boundary on the random-walk statistics of the polymers. Although this is approximately true, independent studies have shown that violations ...
    • Seismic Coupling and Hydrological Responses 

      Rashid, Shahid (University of Waterloo, 2006)
      In seismology, the capability of an earthquake to induce other seismic events has been widely accepted for decades. For example, the term aftershock involves a strong relation of such a seismic event with the incidence ...
    • Selected Experiments with Proteins at Solid-Liquid Interfaces 

      Teichroeb, Jonathan (University of Waterloo, 2008-12-12)
      This thesis describes a number of novel experiments contributing to the understanding of protein adsorption from both a fundamental and applied perspective. The first three papers involve the use of the localized surface ...
    • Selected topics in Computational Relativity 

      Mukherjee, Soham (University of Waterloo, 2022-08-18)
      This thesis addresses a collection of topics that are either directly related to, or have implications for, current challenges in computational relativity. In the first part, we explore a spacetime discretization method ...

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