Now showing items 1-10 of 42
Spatially-Implicit Modelling Of Disease-Behaviour Interactions In The Context Of Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions
(American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2018-04-01)
Pair approximation models have been used to study the spread of infectious diseases in spatially distributed host populations, and to explore disease control strategies such as vaccination and case isolation. Here we ...
An Antibiotic Protocol To Minimize Emergence Of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
A within-host model of the spread of tuberculosis is proposed here where the emergence of drug resistance and bacterial dormancy are simultaneously combined. We consider both sensitive and resistant strains of tuberculosis ...
Competition Between Injunctive Social Norms And Conservation Priorities Gives Rise To Complex Dynamics In A Model Of Forest Growth And Opinion Dynamics
Human and environmental systems are often treated as existing in isolation from one another, whereas in fact they are often two parts of a single, coupled human-environment system. Developing theoretical models of coupled ...
Assessing The Pandemic Potential Of Mers-Cov
No Abstract Available
Spatial correlation as an early warning signal of regime shifts in a multiplex disease-behaviour network
Early warning signals of sudden regime shifts are a widely studied phenomenon for their ability to quantify a system’s proximity to a tipping point to a new and contrasting dynamical regime. However, this effect has been ...
Convergence of socio-ecological dynamics in disparate ecological systems under strong coupling to human social systems
It is widely recognized that coupled socio-ecological dynamics can be qualitatively different from the dynamics of social or ecological systems in isolation from one another. The influence of the type of ecological dynamics ...
Comparing Influenza Vaccine Efficacy Against Mismatched And Matched Strains: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis
(BioMed Central, 2013-06-25)
Background: Influenza vaccines are most effective when the antigens in the vaccine match those of circulating strains. However, antigens contained in the vaccines do not always match circulating strains. In the present ...
The Impact Of Human-Environment Interactions On The Stability Of Forest-Grassland Mosaic Ecosystems
(Nature Publishing Group, 2013-09-19)
Forest-grassland mosaic ecosystems can exhibit alternative stables states, whereby under the same environmental conditions, the ecosystem could equally well reside either in one state or another, depending on the initial ...
Bounded Rationality Alters The Dynamics Of Paediatric Immunization Acceptance
(Nature Publishing Group, 2015-06-02)
Interactions between disease dynamics and vaccinating behavior have been explored in many coupled behavior-disease models. Cognitive effects such as risk perception, framing, and subjective probabilities of adverse events ...
Strategic Interactions in Antiviral Drug Use During an Influenza Pandemic
(Public Library of Science, 2017-01-12)
Background: The evolution of antiviral drug resistance during influenza pandemics has created widespread concern. Use of antiviral drugs is a main contributor to the evolution of drug-resistant strains. Moreover, there are ...