Now showing items 41-60 of 246

    • A copula model for marked point processes 

      Diao, Liqun; Cook, Richard J.; Lee, Ker-Ai (Springer, 2013)
      Many chronic diseases feature recurring clinically important events. In addition, however, there often exists a random variable which is realized upon the occurrence of each event reflecting the severity of the event, a ...
    • Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation Of Quadrivalent Influenza Vaccines For Seasonal Influenza Prevention: A Dynamic Modeling Study Of Canada And The United Kingdom 

      Thommes, Edward W.; Ismaila, Afisi; Chit, Ayman; Meier, Genevieve; Bauch, Chris T. (BioMed Central, 2015-10-27)
      Background: The adoption of quadrivalent influenza vaccine (QIV) to replace trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) in immunization programs is growing worldwide, thus helping to address the problem of influenza B lineage mismatch. ...
    • Could The Human Papillomavirus Vaccines Drive Virulence Evolution? 

      Murall, Carmen Lia; Bauch, Chris T.; Day, Troy (Royal Society, The, 2015-01-07)
      The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines hold great promise for preventing several cancers caused by HPV infections. Yet little attention has been given to whether HPV could respond evolutionarily to the new selection ...
    • Coupled Human-Environment Dynamics Of Forest Pest Spread And Control In A Multi-Patch, Stochastic Setting 

      Ali, Qasim; Bauch, Chris T.; Anand, Madhur (Public Library of Science, 2015-10-02)
      Background The transportation of camp firewood infested by non-native forest pests such as Asian long-horned beetle (ALB) and emerald ash borer (EAB) has severe impacts on North American forests. Once invasive forest pests ...
    • Coupling Fishery Dynamics, Human Health And Social Learning In A Model Of Fish-Borne Pollution Exposure 

      Yodzis, Michael; Bauch, Chris T.; Anand, Madhur (Springer, 2016-03-01)
      Pollution-induced illnesses are caused by toxicants that result from human activity and are often entirely preventable. However, where industrial priorities have undermined responsible governance, exposed populations must ...
    • A Cox-Aalen model for interval-censored data 

      Cook, Richard J.; Boruvka, Audrey (Wiley, 2015-06)
      The Cox-Aalen model, obtained by replacing the baseline hazard function in the well-known Cox model with a covariate-dependent Aalen model, allows for both fixed and dynamic covariate effects. In this paper, we examine ...
    • Critical Dynamics In Population Vaccinating Behavior 

      Pananos, A. Demetri; Bury, Thomas M.; Wang, Clara; Schonfeld, Justin; Mohanty, Sharada P.; Nyhan, Brendan; Salathe, Marcel; Bauch, Chris T. (National Academy of Sciences, 2017-12-26)
      Vaccine refusal can lead to renewed outbreaks of previously eliminated diseases and even delay global eradication. Vaccinating decisions exemplify a complex, coupled system where vaccinating behavior and disease dynamics ...
    • Critical exponents of infinite balanced words 

      Rampersad, Narad; Shallit, Jeffrey; Vandomme, Élise (Elsevier, 2019-07-19)
      Over an alphabet of size 3 we construct an infinite balanced word with critical exponent 2 + root2/2. Over an alphabet of size 4 we construct an infinite balanced word with critical exponent (5 + root5)/4. Over larger ...
    • Debate: what is the best method to monitor surgical performance? 

      Woodall, William; Steiner, Stefan H. (BioMed Central, 2016-04-05)
      Background There is considerable recent interest in the monitoring of individual surgeon or hospital surgical outcomes. If one aggregates data over time and assesses performance with a funnel plot, then the detection ...
    • Decidability and k-Regular Sequences 

      Krenn, Daniel; Shallit, Jeffrey (Elsevier, 2020-05)
      In this paper we consider a number of natural decision problems involving k-regular sequences. Specifically, they arise from considering • lower and upper bounds on growth rate; in particular boundedness, • images, • ...
    • Defining gameful experience as a psychological state caused by gameplay: Replacing the term ‘Gamefulness’ with three distinct constructs 

      Landers, Richard; Tondello, Gustavo F.; Kappen, Dennis L.; Collmus, Andrew; Mekler, Elisa D.; Nacke, Lennart (Elsevier, 2019-07)
      Background and Aim Gamefulness is commonly cited as the primary goal of gamification, a family of approaches employed in education, business, healthcare, government, and elsewhere. However, gamefulness is defined ...
    • Dependence modeling for multi-type recurrent events via copulas 

      Lee, Jooyoung; Cook, Richard J. (Wiley, 2019-09-20)
      When several types of recurrent events may arise, interest often lies in marginal modeling and studying the nature of the dependence structure. In this paper, we propose a multivariate mixed-Poisson model with the dependence ...
    • Dependence of model energy spectra on vertical resolution 

      Waite, Michael L (American Meteorological Society, 2016-03)
      Many high-resolution atmospheric models can reproduce the qualitative shape of the atmospheric kinetic energy spectrum, which has a power-law slope of −3 at large horizontal scales that shallows to approximately −5/3 in ...
    • Dependence of Model Energy Spectra on Vertical Resolution 

      Waite, Michael L (AMS, 2016-04-01)
      Many high-resolution atmospheric models can reproduce the qualitative shape of the atmospheric kinetic energy spectrum, which has a power-law slope of −3 at large horizontal scales that shallows to approximately −5/3 in ...
    • Design of cancer trials based on progression-free survival with intermittent assessment 

      Zeng, Leilei; Cook, Richard J.; Lee, Ker-Ai (Wiley, 2018-03-26)
      Therapeutic advances in cancer mean that it is now impractical to performed phase III randomized trials evaluating experimental treatments on the basis of overall survival. As a result, the composite endpoint of progression-free ...
    • The Design of Intervention Trials Involving Recurrent and Terminal Events 

      Wu, Longyang; Cook, Richard J. (Springer, 2013)
      Clinical trials are often designed to assess the effect of therapeutic interventions on the incidence of recurrent events in the presence of a dependent terminal event such as death. Statistical methods based on multistate ...
    • Dimensional dependence of the Stokes-Einstein relation and its violation 

      Charbonneau, Benoit; Charbonneau, Patrick; Jin, Yuliang; Parisi, Giorgio; Zamponi, Francesco (American Institute of Physics, 2013-10-28)
      We generalize to higher spatial dimensions the Stokes-Einstein relation (SER) as well as the leading correction to diffusivity in finite systems with periodic boundary conditions, and validate these results with numerical ...
    • Discrete viscous sheets 

      Batty, Christopher; Uribe, Andres; Audoly, Basile; Grinspun, Eitan (Association for Computing Machinery, 2012-07)
      We present the first reduced-dimensional technique to simulate the dynamics of thin sheets of viscous incompressible liquid in three dimensions. Beginning from a discrete Lagrangian model for elastic thin shells, we apply ...
    • Disease Dynamics And Costly Punishment Can Foster Socially Imposed Monogamy 

      Bauch, Chris T.; McElreath, Richard (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-04-01)
      Socially imposed monogamy in humans is an evolutionary puzzle because it requires costly punishment by those who impose the norm. Moreover, most societies were-and are-polygynous; yet many larger human societies transitioned ...
    • Disease Interventions Can Interfere With One Another Through Disease-Behaviour Interactions 

      Andrews, Michael A.; Bauch, Chris T. (Public Library of Science, 2015-06-01)
      Theoretical models of disease dynamics on networks can aid our understanding of how infectious diseases spread through a population. Models that incorporate decision-making mechanisms can furthermore capture how behaviour-driven ...

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