Now showing items 1-4 of 4
Deep Supply-Chain Engagement in Conflict Minerals
(University of Waterloo, 2018-06-18)
Tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold, known as the 3TG, are commonly used in electronics, and other high tech and manufactured products. Their extraction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where human rights and civil ...
Substance Flow Analysis of Tantalum: Tracking the Conflict-Free Path
(University of Waterloo, 2016-07-13)
Tantalum is a critical material used in specialized industrial manufacturing processes and end-use applications ranging from aerospace to high performance electronics. In Central Africa severe human rights violations are ...
Closed-loop Supply Chain: A Systematic Review
(University of Waterloo, 2018-08-14)
The extraction of virgin materials from nature depletes existing resources and creates huge waste problems both in the extraction process itself and at the product’s end-of-life. There is a propensity for this waste to be ...
In Support of Open-Loop Supply Chains: Expanding the scope of environmental sustainability in reverse supply chains
This study expands the environmental sustainability paradigm of reverse supply chains. The study examines the notion of closed-loop supply chains and suggests the use of the term in academia and business is too limited ...