dc.contributor.author Leong, Alexander dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-04 20:13:25 (GMT) dc.date.available 2012-01-04 20:13:25 (GMT) dc.date.issued 2012-01-04T20:13:25Z dc.date.submitted 2011 dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10012/6432 dc.description.abstract The Erdős discrepancy problem asks, "Does there exist a sequence t = {t_i}_{1≤i<∞} with each t_i ∈ {-1,1} and a constant c such that |∑_{1≤i≤n} t_{id}| ≤ c for all n,c ∈ ℕ = {1,2,3,...}?" The discrepancy of t equals sup_{n≥1} |∑_{1≤i≤n} t_{id}|. Erdős conjectured in 1957 that no such sequence exists. en We examine versions of this problem with fixed values for c and where the values of d are restricted to particular subsets of ℕ. By examining a wide variety of different subsets, we hope to learn more about the original problem. When the values of d are restricted to the set {1,2,4,8,...}, we show that there are exactly two infinite {-1,1} sequences with discrepancy bounded by 1 and an uncountable number of in nite {-1,1} sequences with discrepancy bounded by 2. We also show that the number of {-1,1} sequences of length n with discrepancy bounded by 1 is 2^{s2(n)} where s2(n) is the number of 1s in the binary representation of n. When the values of d are restricted to the set {1,b,b^2,b^3,...} for b > 2, we show there are an uncountable number of infinite sequences with discrepancy bounded by 1. We also give a recurrence for the number of sequences of length n with discrepancy bounded by 1. When the values of d are restricted to the set {1,3,5,7,..} we conjecture that there are exactly 4 in finite sequences with discrepancy bounded by 1 and give some experimental evidence for this conjecture. We give descriptions of the lexicographically least sequences with D-discrepancy c for certain values of D and c as fixed points of morphisms followed by codings. These descriptions demonstrate that these automatic sequences. We introduce the notion of discrepancy-1 maximality and prove that {1,2,4,8,...} and {1,3,5,7,...} are discrepancy-1 maximal while {1,b,b^2,...} is not for b > 2. We conclude with some open questions and directions for future work. dc.language.iso en en dc.publisher University of Waterloo en dc.subject automatic sequences en dc.subject number theory en dc.title Variations on the Erdos Discrepancy Problem en dc.type Master Thesis en dc.pending false en dc.subject.program Computer Science en uws-etd.degree.department School of Computer Science en uws-etd.degree Master of Mathematics en uws.typeOfResource Text en uws.peerReviewStatus Unreviewed en uws.scholarLevel Graduate en
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