Now showing items 1-10 of 41
Convergence of socio-ecological dynamics in disparate ecological systems under strong coupling to human social systems
It is widely recognized that coupled socio-ecological dynamics can be qualitatively different from the dynamics of social or ecological systems in isolation from one another. The influence of the type of ecological dynamics ...
The influence of social behaviour on competition between virulent pathogen strains
Infectious disease interventions like contact precautions and vaccination have proven effective in disease control and elimination. The priority given to interventions can depend strongly on how virulent the pathogen is, ...
Parameterizing a dynamic inﬂuenza model using longitudinal versus age-stratiﬁed case notiﬁcations yields diﬀerent predictions of vaccine impacts
Dynamic transmission models of inﬂuenza are often used in decision-making to identify which vaccination strategies might best reduce inﬂuenza-associated health and economic burdens. Our goal was to use laboratory conﬁrmed ...
Spatially-Implicit Modelling Of Disease-Behaviour Interactions In The Context Of Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions
(American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2018-04-01)
Pair approximation models have been used to study the spread of infectious diseases in spatially distributed host populations, and to explore disease control strategies such as vaccination and case isolation. Here we ...
An Antibiotic Protocol To Minimize Emergence Of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
A within-host model of the spread of tuberculosis is proposed here where the emergence of drug resistance and bacterial dormancy are simultaneously combined. We consider both sensitive and resistant strains of tuberculosis ...
Coupling Fishery Dynamics, Human Health And Social Learning In A Model Of Fish-Borne Pollution Exposure
Pollution-induced illnesses are caused by toxicants that result from human activity and are often entirely preventable. However, where industrial priorities have undermined responsible governance, exposed populations must ...
Coevolution Of Risk Perception, Sexual Behaviour, And Hiv Transmission In An Agent-Based Model
Risk perception shapes individual behaviour, and is in turn shaped by the consequences of that behaviour. Here we explore this dynamics in the context of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) spread. We construct a simplified ...
Role Of Word-Of-Mouth For Programs Of Voluntary Vaccination: A Game-Theoretic Approach
We propose a model describing the synergetic feedback between word-of-mouth (WoM) and epidemic dynamics controlled by voluntary vaccination. The key feature consists in combining a game-theoretic model for the spread of ...
Competition Between Injunctive Social Norms And Conservation Priorities Gives Rise To Complex Dynamics In A Model Of Forest Growth And Opinion Dynamics
Human and environmental systems are often treated as existing in isolation from one another, whereas in fact they are often two parts of a single, coupled human-environment system. Developing theoretical models of coupled ...
Assessing The Pandemic Potential Of Mers-Cov
No Abstract Available