Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: `http://hdl.handle.net/10012/4511`

 Title: Multigraphs with High Chromatic Index Authors: McDonald, Jessica Keywords: graph theoryedge-colouringchromatic indexmultigraphs Approved Date: 22-Jul-2009 Date Submitted: 2009 Abstract: In this thesis we take a specialized approach to edge-colouring by focusing exclusively on multigraphs with high chromatic index. The bulk of our results can be classified into three categories. First, we prove results which aim to characterize those multigraphs achieving known upper bounds. For example, Goldberg's Theorem says that χ'≤ Δ+1+(Δ-2}/(g₀+1) (where χ' denotes chromatic index, Δ denotes maximum degree, and g₀ denotes odd girth). We characterize this bound by proving that for a connected multigraph G, χ'= Δ+1+(Δ-2}/(g₀+1) if and only if G=μC_g₀ and (g₀+1)|2(μ-1) (where μ denotes maximum edge-multiplicity). Our second category of results are new upper bounds for chromatic index in multigraphs, and accompanying polynomial-time edge-colouring algorithms. Our bounds are all approximations to the famous Seymour-Goldberg Conjecture, which asserts that χ'≤ max{⌈ρ⌉, Δ+1} (where ρ=max{(2|E[S]|)/(|S|-1): S⊆V, |S|≥3 and odd}). For example, we refine Goldberg's classical Theorem by proving that χ'≤ max{⌈ρ⌉, Δ+1+(Δ-3)/(g₀+3)}. Our third category of results are characterizations of high chromatic index in general, with particular focus on our approximation results. For example, we completely characterize those multigraphs with χ'> Δ+1+(Δ-3)/(g₀+3). The primary method we use to prove results in this thesis is the method of Tashkinov trees. We first solidify the theory behind this method, and then provide general edge-colouring results depending on Tashkinov trees. We also explore the limits of this method, including the possibility of vertex-colouring graphs which are not line graphs of multigraphs, and the importance of Tashkinov trees with regard to the Seymour-Goldberg Conjecture. Program: Combinatorics and Optimization Department: Combinatorics and Optimization Degree: Doctor of Philosophy URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10012/4511 Appears in Collections: Electronic Theses and Dissertations (UW) Faculty of Mathematics Theses and Dissertations

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